July 10, 1943-May 2, 1945 – After the success of the North Africa campaign, Allied forces invade Italy. Beginning with the invasion of Sicily in July 1943, the Italian Campaign continues until the German surrender in May 1945.
It is characterised by fierce battles between predominantly American and British forces, and their German enemies. Key battles include Sicily, Monte Cassino and Anzio.
More than a million men are killed during the campaign, along with over 150,000 Italian civilians. The Allied victories in Italy lead to the overthrow of Fascist ruler Benito Mussolini, who is executed on April 28, 1945.